The latest edition of the Academic Ranking of World Universities, also known as the Shanghai Rankings, has been published by the Shanghai Ranking Consultancy. This is the oldest of the global university rankings and is based on six research indicators derived from publicly accessible sources:
- Alumni who have won Nobel prizes or Fields medals (10% weighting)
- Faculty who has won these awards (20%)
- Faculty who are listed in the Clarivate Analytics list of Highly Cited Researchers of November 2020; only primary affiliations are considered (20%)
- Articles published in Nature and Science between 2016 and 2020 (20%)
- Articles indexed in the Science Citation Index Expanded and the Social Science Citation Index in 2020 (20%)
- Weighted scores of the first five indicators divided by the number of fulltime faculty (10%).
This year’s ranking provides further evidence of the advance of Chinese research. There are now 180 Chinese universities compared to 168 last year. Meanwhile leading Chinese universities – Peking, Zhejiang, Shanghai Jiao Tong — have improved their position.
Other Asian countries have not done so well. India, Iran, Japan and South Korea have lost universities and Bangladesh and Indonesia are unrepresented in the top 1000.
The top universities in these regions are:
North America and World; Harvard University
South America; University of Sao Paulo
Europe; University of Cambridge
Asia; University of Tokyo
Africa; university of Cape Town
Oceania; University of Melbourne.