Universitas 21 has announced the “ninth and final” ranking of national higher education systems which is based on four groups of indicators: Resources, Environment, Connectivity and Output. Universitas 21 is a network of research universities now consisting of 27 universities in 18 countries. It is concerned with student employability, researcher engagement and educational innovation among other topics.
The overall rankings are dominated by North America, Western Europe and the Asia-Pacific region. Some European countries have fallen since last year: the UK from third place to sixth, Czechia by three places and Slovakia by five. Singapore has continued to improve and is now in fourth place.
The top five countries in the overall rankings are:
The data shows that while there is a significant association between resources and output some countries have failed to take advantage of the resource with which they have been provided. These include Saudi Arabia, which is ranked 8th for resources and 33rd for output, and Turkey, 17th for resources and 39th for output.
In contrast, China, 40th for resources and 16th for output, and Russia, 45th for resources and 29th for output, have managed to use their resources wisely.
The top three countries in the four indicator groups are:
Resources; Norway, Singapore, Switzerland
Environment; United States, Australia, New Zealand
Connectivity; Switzerland, Austria, Singapore
Output; United States, United Kingdom, Australia.