Nature Index is a database of articles in leading journals in the fields of life sciences, earth and environmental sciences, chemistry, physics and, starting this year, health sciences. It is regarded as a valid measure of scientific research of the highest quality.
The latest edition shows a significant increase in high quality publications by Chinese institutions while the performance of the USA, the UK, Australia, Japan, and Germany has declined. India, South Africa, Finland, and Poland have improved.
The overall tables for the natural sciences show that Chinese institutions such as the Chinese Academy of Sciences, the University of Science and Technology of China, Nanjing University, Peking University, Xiamen University, and Sun Yat-sen University have made substantial gains. Almost all American and British universities have fallen. There will no doubt be much debate about whether this is a consequence of the pandemic or long-term developments.
The USA does, however, dominate the upper levels of the new health sciences category.
The leading institution in each sector ranked are:
Academic; Harvard University, USA
Government; Chinese Academy of Sciences
Corporate; F. Hoffmann-La Roche AG, Switzerland
Healthcare; Massachusetts General Hospital
NPO/NG; Max Planck Society, Germany.