22 September 2016
The most dramatic item in the 2016-17 edition of the Times Higher Education World University Rankings is the rise of the University of Oxford to first place replacing the California Institute of Technology (Caltech).
20 September 2016
In recent years there has been a trend for government agencies around the world to use international university rankings to decide access to research funds, scholarships, exchange programmes and sometimes even to shape immigration policy. The latest example is Norway. An article in University World News by Jan Petter Myklebust and Eva Tennessen reports that grants for students studying abroad will be restricted to a list of universities derived from two international rankings. The grants are supplementary payments to universities that charge above average tuition fees.
16 September 2016
America's Best Colleges is a ranking published by US News since 1983 that continues to exert an unparalleled influence over the American higher education scene. The methodology, which has often been criticised, is designed to satisfy the needs of undergraduate applicants and other stakeholderswho are concerned with institutional reputation, teaching quality and graduate employability.
The Shanghai Rankings Consultancy has just released its broad subject rankings. The five tables are for Natural Science and Mathematics, Engineering, Technology and Computer Sciences, Life and Agricultural Sciences, Clinical Medicine and Pharmacy, and Social Sciences. The methodology varies somewhat from the general rankings. In all subject groups there is a 25 % weighting for percentage of papers published in the top 20% of journals in the relevant fields and 25% for papers in the Social Science Citation Index (social sciences) or the Science Citation Index – Expanded (the other four groups) and 25% for highly cited researchers in various categories.
09 September 2016
The Moscow-based RUR Rankings Agency has produced a research performance ranking of 692 universities. There are five criteria with equal weighting: 1.normalized citation impact, 2.citations per paper, 3. papers per academic and research staff, 4.international research reputation and 5. proportion of research papers with international collaborators.
These rankings have a strong emphasis on research impact and internationalization, each of which is measured by two indicators. Data is derived from the Thomson Reuters survey of academic opinion, the Global Institutional Profiles Projectand theWeb of Science Core Collection. The overall ranking is calculated from the rank order in each indicator.
06 September 2016
In the 2016-2017 edition of the Quacquarelli Symonds (QS) World University Rankings there have been no change in the basic methodology so the rankings generally show moderate changes. Half of the weighting goes to two reputation surveys, 40% for an academic research survey and 10% for an employer survey. Another half goes to bibliometric and self-submitted data, 20% for facultystudent ratio, 20% for citations per faculty, 5% for international faculty and 5% for international students. Bibliometric data are derived from the Scopus database. Harvard has slipped from second to third place, and Cambridge from third to fourth while ETH Zurich has replaced Imperial College London in eighth place.
02 September 2016
Nature has published an index of national expenditure on research and development. Over the last ten years there has been a rapid increase in spending in Eastern Europe, Asia and Latin American while growth has been comparatively slow in Western Europe and North America. The countries where GERD (Gross Domestic Expenditure on Research and Development) has risen the most rapidly between 2003 and 2013 include China, Egypt, Turkey, Kuwait, Malaysia, South Korea and Thailand.
28 August 2016
Indian higher education institutions have not been able to achieve a significant academic presence or a reputation for quality. It is true that the Indian Institutes of Technology (IIT) are very selective and are known for producing many capable graduates in the STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics) subjects. Even these institutions have made little impression on the major international rankings. They do especially poorly in research based indicators such as publications and citations. A major issue is that talented first degree holders frequently go overseas for employment or postgraduate study rather than remain in India.
With the fast development of science and technology, as well as the internationalization of scientific activities, international academic awards have been more and more popular and influential. Numerous international academic awards have been established to provide individuals with incentives and motivation for new academic work and to reward past excellent academic accomplishments.
The purpose of the IREG Ranking Audit, conducted by independent experts, is to verify and attest that ranking under review is done professionally, with a transparent methodology, observes good practices and responds to a need for relevant information of various stakeholders, in particular students, higher education institutions, employers and policy makers.
National and international academic rankings play ever increasing role as a barometer of quality of higher education institutions. The purpose of "IREG Inventory of National Rankings" is to collect and make available on the IREG Observatory website information on the current state and scope of this important group of rankings.
The purpose of the IREG Guidelines for Stakeholders of Academic Rankings is to provide recommendations for appropriate interpretations, uses and applications of rankings by potential interested parties, including students and parents, institutions of higher education, policymakers, quality assurance and funding organizations, employers and the media. Specific recommendations have been formulated for each group of stakeholders.
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