The Islamic World Science Citation Center (ISC) was established in 2008 with the objective of indexing scientific journals in the Islamic world, supporting and monitoring Islamic research networks and comparing and evaluating international and Islamic universities. It has published rankings of Islamic universities since 2013-14 and world university rankings since 2018.
The world rankings are based on four groups of indicators:
- Research measured by publications and citations
- Education measured by highly cited faculty and faculty student ratio
- International Activity measured by international collaboration, ranking in the QS, Times Higher Education (THE) and Shanghai world rankings and number of retractions
- Innovation measured by the number of industrial collaborators and patents filed.
The top of the world rankings looks familiar with Harvard in first place followed by MIT and Stanford. Meanwhile Tsinghua University is now in seventh place ahead of Oxford and Cambridge and holds first place for Engineering and Technology.
The leaders in the various indicator groups are:
- Research; Harvard University
- Education; Baylor College of Education
- International Activity; University of Cambridge
- Innovation; Massachusetts of Technology (MIT).
This year’s Islamic university rankings are led by Saudi Arabia with King Abdulaziz university, King Saud university, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, and King Abdullah University of Science and Technology taking the first four places.