General information on ranking

Name of the ranking THE World University Rankings
Geographical scope Global
Name of person in charge of ranking Phil Baty
E-mail of person in charge of ranking
Website of the ranking
Publication frequency annual
First year of publication 2004
Most recent year of publication 2023
Date of last update 2023-07-11
Ranking organization Times Higher Education
Website of the methodology

THE World University Rankings judges research-intensive universities across all of their core missions. The table is based on 13 performance indicators grouped into five areas: teaching (the learning environment), research (volume, income and reputation), citations (research influence), international outlook (staff, students and research) and industry income (knowledge transfer).

TEACHING (the learning environment) 30%

Reputation survey (15%) - The most recent Academic Reputation Survey (run annually) that underpins this category was carried out between November 2019 and February 2020 . The responses were statistically representative of the geographical and subject mix of academics globally. The 2020 data are combined with the results of the 2019 survey, giving more than  22,000 responses.

Staff-to-student ratio (4.5%)

Doctorate-to-bachelor’s ratio (2.25%)

Doctorates-awarded-to-academic-staff ratio (6%)

Institutional income (2.25%) - Institutional income is scaled against academic staff numbers and normalised for purchasing-power parity (PPP).

RESEARCH (volume, income and reputation) 30%

Reputation survey (18%) – This indicator looks at university’s reputation for research excellence among its peers and is based on the responses to annual Academic Reputation Survey.

Research income (6%) - Research income is scaled against academic staff numbers and adjusted for purchasing-power parity (PPP).

Research productivity (6%) - THE counts the number of papers published in the academic journals indexed by Elsevier’s Scopus database per scholar, scaled for institutional size and normalised for subject. Starting from last year, credit was given for papers that are published in subjects where a university delcares no staff.

CITATIONS (research influence) 30%

THE examines research influence by capturing the average number of times a university’s published work is cited by scholars globally. In 2020 THE bibliometric data supplier Elsevier examined more than 86 million citations to 13.6 million journal articles, articles reviews, conference proceedings, books and book chapters published over five years. The data include  more than 24,000 academic journals indexed by Elsevier’s Scopus database and all indexed publications between 2015 and 2019. Citations to these publications made in the six years from 2015 to 2020 are also collected.

INTERNATIONAL OUTLOOK (staff, students, research) 7.5%

International-to-domestic-student ratio (2.5%)

International-to-domestic-staff ratio (2.5%)

International collaboration (2.5%) - The proportion of a university’s total research journal publications that have at least one international co-author is calculated.

INDUSTRY INCOME (knowledge transfer) 2.5%

This category seeks to capture knowledge-transfer activity by looking at how much research income an institution earns from industry (adjusted for PPP), scaled against the number of academic staff it employs.

Additional information

  • Type of publication: internet, mobile application, print - magazine, newspaper
  • Internet users access to ranking: open access
  • Language of publication: English
  • Main target groups: higher education institutions, policymakers, governments and funding agencies, students and parents
  • Level of comparison: institutional: 1799
  • Major dimensions covered: internationalization, knowledge transfer, reputation, research, teaching
  • Structure of presentation: ordinary presentation (league tables)
  • Data sources: data collected from HEIs by ranking organization, survey conducted exclusively by ranking organization, third-party database (data not provided by HEI)
  • Quality assurance of ranking: certification (e.g. IREG Audit)
  • Website of the ranking organization:
  • Types of the ranking organization: commercial/for-profit (incl. media)
  • Types of rankings: global