02 July 2018
Since 1999 Top 500 has published lists of the world’s most powerful computers. In the first list, published in June 1993, the US dominated with Japan in second place followed by Germany, the UK and France. There were no mainland Chinese computers in the top 500 until November 1999.
Since then the number of Chinese supercomputers has steadily increased. The latest edition shows that there are now 206 in China, 124 in the USA, 36 in Japan 22 in the UK, 21 in Germany, and 18 in France.
The situation is, however, rather different when we look at the systems operated by universities and research centres.
The Top 500 site provides several ways of generating sublists. The list of powerful academic computers is somewhat different from general list with only three from mainland China
Of the 64 academic supercomputers listed 14 are in Japan, 10 in the USA, 6 in Germany 4 in Canada, and 3 in France.
The top ten academic supercomputers are:
- Oakforest-PACS, Joint Center for Advanced Performance Computing, Japan
- Stampede2, Texas Advanced Computing Center/University of Texas, USA
- Marconi Intel Xeon Phi, CINECA, Italy
- TSUBAME 3.0, GSIC Center, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Japan
- MareNostrum, Barcelona Supercomputing Center, Spain
- Shaheen II, King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, Saudi Arabia
- ITO Subsystem A, Research System for Information Technology, Kyushu University, Japan
- Camphor 2, Academic Center for Computing and Media Studies, Kyoto University, Japan
- Fujitsu PRIMEHPC FX100, Information Technology Center, Nagoya University, Japan
- SuperMUC, Leibniz Rechenzentrum, Germany.