12 May 2018
Universitas 21 is an international network of research intensive universities in Australia, Canada, Chile, China (including Hong Kong), India, Ireland, Japan, Mexico, Netherlands, New Zealand, Singapore, South Africa, South Korea, Sweden, Switzerland, UK, and the USA. The network supports various initiatives concerned with educational innovation, the student experience and researcher engagement. Currently it sponsors data sharing and health management groups and publishes annual rankings of higher education systems.
The systems rankings are based on four groups of indicators:
- Resources including government expenditure and total expenditure on tertiary education, annual expenditure per student, and expenditure for research and development per head of population and as per cent of GDP
- Environment including proportion of female students and academic staff, qualitative measures of the policy environment, and responses to survey questions
- Connectivity including proportion of international students and articles with international collaborators, Webometrics Visibility rankings, responses to survey questions, and research collaboration with industry.
- Output including total research documents and research documents per population, normalised citation impacts, number of universities in the Shanghai ARWU per population, rank of the country’s best universities, enrolment, percentage of adults with tertiary qualifications, number, number of researchers and employment rates.
There have been some minor methodological changes since last year. For example, research data is derived from InCites instead of Scimago, institutions with few published papers are now included, and web connectivity is measured by the Webometrics Visibility metric rather than Transparency.
The top five countries overall are:
Controlling for level of economic development the top five are:
There are a few significant changes since last year. Finland, Portugal, Greece, Slovakia and Brazil rose three places each while Ukraine, Serbia, Czech Republic, Hong Kong and Singapore fell three places. The biggest loser was Hungary which fell from 31st place to 36th.