24 October 2017
The US News has long been famous for its rankings of America’s Best Colleges and has recently embarked on the ranking of global universities.
The Best Global Universities ranking is entirely devoted to research. There are 13 indicators: Global research reputation (12.5%), Regional research reputation (12.5%), Publications (10%), Books (2.5%), Conferences (2.5%), Normalized citation impact (10%), Total citations (7.5%), Number of publications among the 10% most cited (12.5%), Percent of publications among the 10% most cited (10%), International collaboration (5%), Number of highly cited papers among the 1% most cited (5%), and Number of highly cited papers among the 1% most cited (5%).
The United States and the United Kingdom dominate the top levels of the rankings. Harvard is in first place, followed by Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Stanford and Berkeley. Oxford and Cambridge are in fifth and seventh place and the top ten are completed by California Institute of Technology (Caltech), Columbia, Princeton and Johns Hopkins.
The top universities in various regions are:
- Africa; University of Cape Town
- Asia; National University of Singapore
- Australia/New Zealand; University of Melbourne
- Europe; University of Oxford
- Latin America; Universidade de São Paolo.
The USA and Europe continue to lead the subject rankings. Harvard holds first place in in eleven subjects including clinical medicine, economics and business, and social science and public health. The University of California Berkeley is top for chemistry and environmental science and ecology, Caltech for geosciences and space science, MIT for physics, and University of California Davis for plant and animal science. European universities held the lead for agricultural science, arts and humanities, and mathematics.
It is noticeable that Asian universities are making great strides in engineering, computer science and materials science. In engineering, six out of the top ten places are now held by Asian institutions, Tsinghua University, National University of Singapore, Nanyang Technological University (NTU), Harbin Institute of Technology, Zhejiang University and the University of Malaya while Tsinghua University leads for computer science and NTU for materials science.