28 June 2019
Subject rankings have become increasingly influential in influential in recent years. It is likely that they provide useful information for students and other stakeholders.
ShanghaiRanking have just released the third edition of their subject rankings. These include rankings of eight subjects in the Natural Sciences, four in the Life Sciences, six in the Medical Sciences, 22 in Engineering, and 14 in the Social Sciences. There are no rankings for the arts and humanities.
The methodology is somewhat different from the Shanghai world rankings. The indicators are Publications in the Web of Science and InCites, Category Normalised Citation Impact, International Collaborations, papers in Top Journals, and Awards identified in the Academic Excellence Survey. The weighting of these is different for each subject.
Harvard is the best performer, holding the top position in 14 subjects followed by MIT with five.
The USA is still the best performing country holding first place for 35 subjects followed by China with 11. The other countries with at least one first place are the UK, France, Netherlands, Belgium, Singapore and Hong Kong.
China is especially strong in Engineering subjects taking the top position for Telecommunication Engineering, Instruments Science and Technology, Civil Engineering, Food science and Technology, Aerospace Engineering, Marine/Ocean Engineering, Transportation Science and Technology, Remote Sensing, Mining and Mineral Engineering, and Metallurgical Engineering.
In the natural sciences, it is noticeable that some French universities are performing well. Sorbonne University is in the top ten for Mathematics, Earth Sciences, Oceanography and Atmospheric Science while the University of Montpellier is first for ecology.